smem is a tool that can give numerous reports on memory usage on Linux systems. Unlike existing tools, smem can report proportional set size (PSS), which is a more meaningful representation of the amount of memory used by libraries and applications in a virtual memory system.
Because large portions of physical memory are typically shared among multiple applications, the standard measure of memory usage known as resident set size (RSS) will significantly overestimate memory usage. PSS instead measures each application's "fair share" of each shared area to give a realistic measure.
smem has many features:
smem has a few requirements:
Here are some smem graphs showing how RSS exaggerates memory usage. Note how apps that share libraries are over-reported on the RSS side and nearly vanish on the PSS side. The X server is also shares memory heavily, it's real memory usage is about 5 times smaller.
|Show basic process information||smem|
|Show library-oriented view||smem -m|
|Show user-oriented view||smem -u|
|Show system view||smem -R 4G -K /path/to/vmlinux -w|
|Show totals and percentages||smem -t -p|
|Show different columns||smem -c "name user pss"|
|Sort by reverse RSS||smem -s rss -r|
|Show processes filtered by mapping||smem -M libxml|
|Show mappings filtered by process||smem -m -P [e]volution|
|Read data from capture tarball||smem --source capture.tar.gz|
|Show a bar chart labeled by pid||smem --bar pid -c "pss uss"|
|Show a pie chart of RSS labeled by name||smem --pie name -s rss|
To get the latest release version, click here.
The latest source code can be grabbed from smem's Mercurial repository here with the command:
hg clone http://selenic.com/repo/smem
Write to the smem list at email@example.com.